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Hydrogen Peroxide Pretreatment and Plant System to Remediate Soil Pollution

Department of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Huajiachi Campus, 268 Kaixuan Road, Hangzhou 310029, People's Republic of China.

Chemosphere. 2004 Dec;57(10):1439-47.


Hydrogen peroxide was widely selected as the chemical oxidant in chemical remediation or as the donor of oxygen in in situ aerobic bioremediation of organic pollutants. In this paper, hydrogen peroxide pretreatment and plant system was done to examine its possibility to remediate the heavy metal contaminated soil or heavy metal-organic combined contaminated soil. Heavy metal contaminated soil was collected from the heavily industrialized area, in Fuyang county, Zhejiang province, China. And heavy metal-organic combined contaminated soil was prepared from the same contaminated soil by spiking 100 microg g(-1) 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). Results showed that H2O2 could improve the dissipation of 2,4-DCP and enhance the availability of Cu and Zn in soil. The greatly increased DOC (dissolved organic carbon) in the oxidation process was probably the main reason for the greatly increased water soluble Cu in higher pH condition. Water soluble Zn, however, easily rebound to soil components with the time being and had no positive relation with dissolved organic carbon. Planting with ryegrass influenced the behavior of pollutants in soil. It was observed that the dissipation of 2,4-DCP could be enhanced by the presence of plant roots and the availability of Cu and Zn in the planted soil was changed due to the mobilization and rebound mechanisms in the rhizosphere. Co-contamination of 2,4-DCP caused the greater availability of Cu and Zn in H2O2 pretreatment. But with the ryegrass planting, it was easier to rebound to the less available phase in the rhizosphere. Both Cu and Zn concentration in shoots increased with the H2O2 treatment. Therefore our results suggested that H2O2 pretreatment was probably a promising way for promoting the dissipation of persistent organic pollutants and enhancing the solubility of Cu and Zn in soil. A combination of H2O2 pretreatment and suitable plant might be an efficient alternative for remedying heavy metal or heavy metal-organic contaminated soil.

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